Located in the South Arcot District- Cuddalore of Tamil Nadu, Neyveli Township is just 55 kilometres east of Cuddalore. The Lignite bed was found in the shallow depths of the Neyveli lands during the construction of irrigation wells. After the systematic geographic investigation covering the area of 260 square kilometres, 2100 million tones of lignite reserves was discovered.
Neyveli Geographical Facts
Neyveli is located in the latitude of 11.300 North and 79.300 East. The total land area of Neyveli is 3,287,263 square kilometres. The average elevation of Neyveli is 285 feet that is exactly 87 metres. The roadways and railways are well connected to all major towns and cities. Neyveli road is connected by the National Highway (NH 532) Cuddalore – Virudhachalam – Salem and the other National Highway (NH45C) Chennai – Thanjavur. Moreover, there is a separate railway track constructed to transport heavy machineries and lignite for the power generation and mining industries. The vehicle registration number for Neyveli is TN – 31. IST (UTC+5.30) is the time zone of Neyveli.
Population of Neyveli
The total population of Neyveli township is 128, 133. The 2012 population census states that there are about 62,501 female population rate, while total male population is 65, 632 that is to precise male comprises of 51 % of the total population and female comprises of 49 %. The literacy level is higher than the average level of 59.5 %, which sums about 78 % of literacy rate (128, 133). Moreover, the male literacy rate is 83 % and female literacy rate is 72 %. It is mainly due to advent and development of the NLC.
Demography of Neyveli
Tamil is the common language spoken here in this city. Neyveli Township is basically cosmopolitan in nature as the majority of people are not natives. They are not even natives of Tamil Nadu state, which people from other states and cities migrate to Neyveli for their official purpose (NLC). So you can find people speaking various languages like Telugu, Oriya, Bengali, Hindi, Kannada, etc in Neyveli. The rich mixture of culture is seen widely due to the presence of cultural centres and services for the diverse community.
Climate and Weather Conditions in Neyveli
When compared to the neighbouring towns of Cuddalore district, Neyveli Township boasts to have the best climate in this district. Round the year the climate is mostly low moderate tropical that is mostly due to the plantation of trees and flora during the development of Neyveli Township. It was done as part of the setting/landscaping of the city. During the summers, the temperature reaches above 40 degrees celsius but the city remains cooler. Winters are colder than the neighbouring regions that have the same altitude. The soil in Neyveli is well fertile red soil.
Forests near Neyveli
There are two popular forests near Neyveli namely Muthupettai Mangrove Forest which is exactly 76 kilometres from Neyveli near Thiruvarur city of Tamil Nadu and Puliancholai forest. It is about 83 kilometres distance from the township. This forest is exactly located in the foothills of popular Kollimalai that is very close to Thiruchy. The thick dense forests remain best for adventurous activities like mountain climbing, camping and trekking. Moreover, they are very famous for medicinal plants and herbs other than its scenic beauty.
Neyveli Township Layout
It is said that Neyveli Township is planned just like Chandigarh city. If you have been to Chandigarh, you would easily find out lots of common blocks and plan structure in Neyveli. The entire town is planned in a modern way and is considered to be one of the well planned townships in the country. The township is divided into blocks similar to Chandigarh plan. The size of each block is 1000 metres by 700 metres. Moreover, the main roads of the city are assembled with rubberized on the top layer. There are about 21,000 housing quarters that vary among hostel type buildings. Added to it, there are also six apartments that are two floor flat – single cottage type quarters constructed in the Neyveli Township. Before the houses were constructed using the raw material concrete. Presently they are using first class quality hollow blocks for the entire construction purposes that is actually a derivative of lignite.